Tel: 01206 579631 
Hip extension or the ability to move your thigh in a backward direction towards or behind your body is an important component of running which is sometimes under-utilised. 
Good extension of the hip optimises your propulsion angle (angle that you leave the ground and enter the flight phase of running), and allows the achilles (tendon at the back of your leg) and plantar fascia (ligament that runs underneath your foot) to store more energy while your foot is in contact with the ground which can then be used as kinetic energy to push you up into the air. 
Osteoarthritis or joint degeneration are often words that provoke fear of movement and a reluctance to participate in physical activity. However in most cases avoiding activity is the wrong thing to do. 
There are different grades of Osteoarthritis and in some cases surgery to replace a joint is required, however for the majority of people with degenerative changes in joints exercise and activity is likely to be beneficial and helpful in reducing discomfort 
Over stride in runners occurs when the foot (usually heel) strikes the ground a reasonable distance away from the body’s centre of gravity, increasing leverage between ground force and the centre of the body. 
Common observations made when a runner is over striding are heel strike away from the body with increased upward flexion of the ankle and landing with a straighter knee. These positions if repeated can cause anterior shin or knee and foot pain and increased strain on the hamstring tendon attachments at hip or knee. 
Over the last few years there has been quite a lot of debate about running styles or whether we should run with a shoe that provides maximal or minimal support to prevent running injury. Although characteristic of running style or running shoe may have some influence on injury the majority of non-traumatic running injuries that I see in clinic are predominantly due to excessive increases of running load (run distance/time) or a lack of consistency of running load. 
Examples of these presentations could be a client who is training for a marathon and has got behind with their training programme, then suddenly increases their weekly mileage; or a regular 3-4 day a week runner not training for 2-3 weeks and then returning to their previous running schedule. 
When stride width is narrow the foot lands more centrally to the hip joint which increases the forces required for the hip muscles to control movement of the pelvis and lower leg. Increasing stretching forces of tissue on the outside of the leg and compressive forces on the inside of a leg. Some of the common problems we see in clinic if the soft tissue of the body is unable to cope with the forces associated with narrow stride width are lateral thigh/knee pain, ITB syndrome or medial tibial stress syndrome (shin splints). 
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